Bahá'u'lláh cover

photo credits: Caspiax - PD

Bahá'u'lláh

founder of the Bahá'í Faith

1817   -   1892

country of citizenship: Iran
occupation: religious leader, writer

Bahá'u'lláh (; Arabic: بهاء الله‎; 12 November 1817 – 29 May 1892), was a Persian religious leader and the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, which advocates universal peace and unity among all races, nations, and religions. At the age of 27, Bahá'u'lláh became a follower of the Báb, a Persian merchant who began preaching that God would soon send a new prophet similar to Jesus or Muhammad. The Báb and thousands of followers were executed by the Iranian authorities for their beliefs. Bahá'u'lláh faced exile from his native Iran, and in Baghdad in 1863 claimed to be the expected prophet of whom the Báb foretold. Thus, Bahá'ís regard Bahá'u'lláh to be a Manifestation of God, fulfilling of the eschatological expectations of Islam, Christianity, and other major religions.Bahá'u'lláh faced further imprisonment under Ottoman authorities, initially in Edirne, and ultimately to the prison city of Acre, (present-day Israel), where he spent his final 24 years of life. His burial place is a destination of pilgrimage for his followers, and the Bahá'í World Centre sits in nearby Haifa. He wrote many religious works, notably the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, the Kitáb-i-Íqán, The Seven Valleys, and the Hidden Words. Bahá'u'lláh's teachings focus on the unity of God, religion, and mankind. Similar to other monotheistic religions, God is considered the source of all created things. Religion, according to Bahá'u'lláh, is renewed periodically by Manifestations of God, people who are made perfect through divine intervention and whose teachings are the sources of the major world religions throughout history. Bahá'ís view Bahá'u'lláh as the first of these teachers whose mission includes the spiritual unification of the entire planet through the eradication of racism and nationalism. Bahá'u'lláh's teachings include the need for a world tribunal to adjudicate disputes between nations, a uniform system of weights and measures, and an auxiliary language that could be spoken by all the people on earth. Bahá'u'lláh also taught that the cycles of revelatory renewal will continue in the future, with Manifestations of God appearing about every thousand years.
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works

10

Kitáb-i-Aqdas

literary work

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1872

Epistle to the Son of the Wolf

Bahá'í text, last major work of Bahá'u'lláh, written in 1891

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1891

Gems of Divine Mysteries

Arabic-language epistle of Bahá'u'lláh to Siyyid Yúsuf-i-Sidihí Isfahání, a Shi'a cleric, in response to his question of how the Báb could be the Mahdi of Islam

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1850

The Seven Valleys

Persian-language text written by Bahá'u'lláh, written in response to questions by Shaykh Muhyi'd-Din, a judge and a Sufi

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1860

The Four Valleys

tablet by Bahá'u'lláh; one of the holy texts of the Bahá'í Faith

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1857

Hidden Words

scripture by Bahá'u'lláh

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1857

Tabernacle of Unity

collection of five tablets by Bahá'u'lláh: Tablet to Mánikchí Ṣáḥib, Tablet to Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl, Tablet of the Seven Questions, and two additional untitled short Tablets to Zoroastrians

author: Bahá'u'lláh

2006

Tablet of the Branch

short Arabic-language text by Bahá'u'lláh

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1860

Fire Tablet

tablet written in Arabic by Bahá'u'lláh; Bahá'í scripture

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1871

Tablet of the Holy Mariner

Arabic and Persian text by Bahá'u'lláh, about humanity's covenant with God; the "Holy Mariner" refers to Bahá'u'lláh himself

author: Bahá'u'lláh

1863

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