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American novelist, poet, short story writer, art critic, and literary criticwd:Q105756
movement: Modernist literature
country of citizenship: United States of America
language of expression: English
educated at: Harvard University, Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art, Governor Mifflin Senior High School, Harvard College
occupation: poet, writer, novelist, essayist, playwright, art critic, author, literary critic, science fiction writer, children's writer, journalist
award received: Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres, National Medal of Arts, National Humanities Medal, PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction, National Book Award for Fiction, St. Louis Literary Award, Helmerich Award, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, PEN/Malamud Award, Common Wealth Award of Distinguished Service, Rea Award for the Short Story, Jefferson Lecture, O. Henry Award, National Book Critics Circle Award, Golden Rose Award, Ambassador Book Award, Bowdoin prize, honorary doctor of Harvard University, William Dean Howells Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Letters
influenced by: Karl Barth, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Franz Kafka, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Marcel Proust, James Joyce, J. D. Salinger, William Shakespeare, Søren Kierkegaard, Henry James, Herman Melville, Arthur Schopenhauer, Vladimir Nabokov, John Cheever, Alice Munro, John Barth, Ernest Hemingway, Roger Angell, Italo Calvino, Henry Green, Truman Capote, James Thurber
John Hoyer Updike (March 18, 1932 – January 27, 2009) was an American novelist, poet, short-story writer, art critic, and literary critic. One of only four writers to win the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction more than once (the others being Booth Tarkington, William Faulkner, and Colson Whitehead), Updike published more than twenty novels, more than a dozen short-story collections, as well as poetry, art and literary criticism and children's books during his career.
Hundreds of his stories, reviews, and poems appeared in The New Yorker starting in 1954. He also wrote regularly for The New York Review of Books. His most famous work is his "Rabbit" series (the novels Rabbit, Run; Rabbit Redux; Rabbit Is Rich; Rabbit at Rest; and the novella Rabbit Remembered), which chronicles the life of the middle-class everyman Harry "Rabbit" Angstrom over the course of several decades, from young adulthood to death. Both Rabbit Is Rich (1982) and Rabbit at Rest (1990) were recognized with the Pulitzer Prize.
Describing his subject as "the American small town, Protestant middle class", Updike was recognized for his careful craftsmanship, his unique prose style, and his prolific output – he wrote on average a book a year. Updike populated his fiction with characters who "frequently experience personal turmoil and must respond to crises relating to religion, family obligations, and marital infidelity".His fiction is distinguished by its attention to the concerns, passions, and suffering of average Americans, its emphasis on Christian theology, and its preoccupation with sexuality and sensual detail. His work has attracted significant critical attention and praise, and he is widely considered one of the great American writers of his time. Updike's highly distinctive prose style features a rich, unusual, sometimes arcane vocabulary as conveyed through the eyes of "a wry, intelligent authorial voice that describes the physical world extravagantly while remaining squarely in the realist tradition". He described his style as an attempt "to give the mundane its beautiful due".
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