Dante Alighieri cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Dante Alighieri

Italian poet

1265   -   1321

country of citizenship: Republic of Florence
native language: Italian
educated at: University of Bologna
occupation: politician, philosopher, political theorist, lyricist, prosaist, intellectual, poet, author
student of: Remigio dei Girolami, Brunetto Latini, Cecco d'Ascoli
influenced by: Aristotle, Virgil, Ovid, Boethius, Ptolemy, Homer, Thomas Aquinas

Durante degli Alighieri (Italian: [duˈrante deʎʎ aliˈɡjɛːri]), commonly known by his short name Dante Alighieri or simply as Dante (Italian: [ˈdante]; English: , UK also ; c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa (modern Italian: Commedia) and later christened Divina by Giovanni Boccaccio, is widely considered the most important poem of the Middle Ages and the greatest literary work in the Italian language.In the late Middle Ages, most poetry was written in Latin, accessible only to the most educated readers. In De vulgari eloquentia (On Eloquence in the Vernacular), however, Dante defended the use of the vernacular in literature. He would even write in the Tuscan dialect for works such as The New Life (1295) and the Divine Comedy; this highly unorthodox choice set a precedent that important later Italian writers such as Petrarch and Boccaccio would follow. Dante was instrumental in establishing the literature of Italy, and his depictions of Hell, Purgatory and Heaven provided inspiration for the larger body of Western art. He is cited as an influence on John Milton, Geoffrey Chaucer and Alfred Tennyson, among many others. In addition, the first use of the interlocking three-line rhyme scheme, or the terza rima, is attributed to him. In Italy, he is often referred to as il Sommo Poeta ("the Supreme Poet") and il Poeta; he, Petrarch, and Boccaccio are also called "the three fountains" or "the three crowns".
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works

24

Inferno

first part of Dante's Divine Comedy

author: Dante Alighieri

1304

Vita Nuova

literary work by Dante Alighieri

author: Dante Alighieri

1294

De Monarchia

book by Dante Alighieri

author: Dante Alighieri

1312

Purgatorio

second part of Dante's Divine Comedy

author: Dante Alighieri

1316

Convivio

work by Dante Alighieri

author: Dante Alighieri

1304

Eclogues

literary work by Dante Alighieri

author: Dante Alighieri

Le Rime

lyric poems by Dante Alighieri

author: Dante Alighieri

Paradiso

third part of Dante's Divine Comedy

author: Dante Alighieri

1321

Epistles

literary work by Dante Alighieri

author: Dante Alighieri

1303

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