Henriette Avram

American computer programmer and system analyst. She developed the MARC formatting used in libraries

1919   -   2006

country of citizenship: United States of America
educated at: Hunter College, George Washington University
occupation: librarian, computer scientist, engineer, programmer
award received: Melvil Dewey Medal

Henriette Davidson Avram (October 7, 1919 – April 22, 2006) was a computer programmer and systems analyst who developed the MARC format (Machine Readable Cataloging), the international data standard for bibliographic and holdings information in libraries. Avram's development of the MARC format in the late 1960s and early 1970s at the Library of Congress had a revolutionizing effect on the practice of librarianship, making possible the automation of many library functions and the sharing of bibliographic information electronically between libraries using pre-existing cataloging standards.
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