Author

João Cabral de Melo Neto cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

João Cabral de Melo Neto

Brazilian writer

1920   -   1999

country of citizenship: Brazil
language of expression: Portuguese
occupation: poet, diplomat, writer, playwright
award received: Camões Prize, Prêmio Jabuti, Neustadt International Prize for Literature, Ordem do Mérito Cultural, Grand Cross of the Military Order of Christ, Grand Officer of the Military Order of Saint James of the Sword

João Cabral de Melo Neto, also known as Joãozinho Cabral (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒwɐ̃w kaˈbɾaw dʒi ˈmɛlu ˈnɛtu]) (January 6, 1920 – October 9, 1999) was a Brazilian poet and diplomat, and one of the most influential writers in late Brazilian modernism. He was awarded the 1990 Camões Prize and the 1992 Neustadt International Prize for Literature, the only Brazilian poet to receive such award to date. He was considered until his death a perennial competitor for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Melo Neto's works are noted for the rigorous, yet inventive attention they pay to the formal aspects of poetry. He derives his characteristic sound from a traditional verse of five or seven syllables (called ‘’redondilha’’) and from the constant use of oblique rhymes. His style ranges from the surrealist tendency which marked his early poetry to the use of regional elements of his native northeastern Brazil. In the auto Morte e Vida Severina, his only work which has come to be widely read by the general public, Melo Neto's addresses the culture and the unforgiving life in arid Pernambuco.
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