L. L. Zamenhof cover

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L. L. Zamenhof

Polish ophthalmologist and inventor of Esperanto

1859   -   1917

movement: Esperanto movement, Zionism
country of citizenship: Russian Empire
educated at: Medical Faculty of Moscow University, Imperial University of Warsaw
occupation: linguist, ophthalmologist, inventor, poet, translator, Esperantist, physician, physician writer, Bible translator, Esperantologist
award received: Knight of the Legion of Honour, Honorary President of the World Esperanto Association, Commander of the Order of Isabella the Catholic

Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (; Polish: Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof, Yiddish: לײזער לֵוִי זאַמענהאָף‎; 15 December [O.S. 3 December] 1859 – 14 April [O.S. 1 April] 1917), credited as L. L. Zamenhof and sometimes as the pseudonymous Dr. Esperanto, was a Polish-Jewish ophthalmologist and the initiator of the international language Esperanto, the most successful constructed language in the world.Zamenhof first developed the language in 1873 while still in school. He grew up fascinated by the idea of a world without war and believed that this could happen with the help of a new international auxiliary language as a tool that can help to gather people together through a neutral, fair, and equitable communication. He succeeded to form a speech community which still lives today in spite of two World Wars in the 20th century and has developed in the same way as all other languages, primarily through the interaction and creativity of its users. The year 2017 marked the 100th anniversary of the death of Ludwik Zamenhof, who was a great supporter of intercultural dialogue. In the light of his achievements UNESCO selected Zamenhof as one of its eminent personalities of 2017.
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works

21

Unua Libro

pamphlet by L. L. Zamenhof, first published in 1887 in Russian and subsequently in other languages, introducing the language Esperanto for the first time

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1887

Ho, mia kor'

poem by L. L. Zamenhof; published as an example in Unua Libro

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1887

Dua Libro

book by Lejzer Zamenhof

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1888

Mia penso

poem by L. L. Zamenhof, included as an example in Unua Libro

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1887

Universala Vortaro

dictionary portion of the Fundamento de Esperanto; gives translations of Esperanto words in five languages

author: L. L. Zamenhof

Supplement to Dua Libro

book by Lejzer Zamenhof

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1888

To the Brothers

poem by L. L. Zamenhof

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1889

Declaration of Homaranismo

14-page brochure by L. L. Zamenhof about his philosophy of Homaranismo; published in Madrid in 1913

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1913

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