L. L. Zamenhof

Polish ophthalmologist and inventor of Esperanto

1859   -   1917

movement: Esperanto movement, Zionism
country of citizenship: Congress Poland
educated at: Medical facultet of Moscow University, Imperial University of Warsaw
occupation: linguist, ophthalmologist, inventor, poet, translator, Esperantist, physician, physician writer, Bible translator, Esperantologist
award received: Knight of the Legion of Honour, Honorary President of the World Esperanto Association, Commanders of the Order of Isabella the Catholic

Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (; Polish: Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof; 15 December [O.S. 3 December] 1859 – 14 April [O.S. 1 April] 1917), credited as L. L. Zamenhof and sometimes as the pseudonymous Dr. Esperanto, was a Polish-Jewish ophthalmologist and the creator of Esperanto, the most successful constructed language in the world. He grew up fascinated by the idea of a world without war and believed that this could happen with the help of a new international auxiliary language, which he first developed in 1873 while still in school.
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works

15

Unua Libro

pamphlet by L. L. Zamenhof, first published in 1887 in Russian and subsequently in other languages, introducing the language Esperanto for the first time

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1887

Dua Libro

book by Lejzer Zamenhof

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1888

Supplement to Dua Libro

book by Lejzer Zamenhof

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1888

Declaration of Homaranismo

14-page brochure by L. L. Zamenhof about his philosophy of Homaranismo; published in Madrid in 1913

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1913

Fundamento de Esperanto

1905 book by L. L. Zamenhof, describing the basic grammar and vocabulary of Esperanto; the only obligatory authority over the language, according to the Declaration of Boulogne

author: L. L. Zamenhof

1905

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