Author

Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle

Swiss botanist (1778–1841)

1778   -   1841

country of citizenship: Republic of Geneva, Switzerland
language of expression: French
educated at: University of Paris, University of Geneva, Collège Calvin
occupation: botanist, professor, zoologist, naturalist
award received: Royal medal
position held: dean for the Academy of Montpellier, professor
influenced by: Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck, Georges Cuvier, Jean Pierre Étienne Vaucher

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Augustin Pyramus (or Pyrame) de Candolle (UK: , US: , French: [kɑ̃dɔl]; 4 February 1778 – 9 September 1841) was a Swiss botanist. René Louiche Desfontaines launched de Candolle's botanical career by recommending him at a herbarium. Within a couple of years de Candolle had established a new genus, and he went on to document hundreds of plant families and create a new natural plant classification system. Although de Candolle's main focus was botany, he also contributed to related fields such as phytogeography, agronomy, paleontology, medical botany, and economic botany. De Candolle originated the idea of "Nature's war", which influenced Charles Darwin and the principle of natural selection. de Candolle recognized that multiple species may develop similar characteristics that did not appear in a common evolutionary ancestor; a phenomenon now known as convergent evolution. During his work with plants, de Candolle noticed that plant leaf movements follow a near-24-hour cycle in constant light, suggesting that an internal biological clock exists. Though many scientists doubted de Candolle's findings, experiments over a century later demonstrated that ″the internal biological clock″ indeed exists. De Candolle's descendants continued his work on plant classification; son Alphonse and grandson Casimir de Candolle contributed to the Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, a catalog of plants begun by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle.
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