Author

Johann Bauhin cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Johann Bauhin

Swiss botanist

1541   -   1613 or 1612

country of citizenship: Switzerland
language of expression: Latin, Middle French
educated at: University of Basel
occupation: botanist, physician, university teacher, mycologist

Johann (or Jean) Caspar Bauhin (12 December 1541 – 26 October 1613) was a Swiss botanist, born in Basel. He was the son of physician Jean Bauhin and the brother of physician and botanist Gaspard Bauhin. Johann Bauhin studied botany at Tübingen under Leonhart Fuchs (1501–1566). He then travelled with Conrad Gessner, after which he started a practice of medicine at Basel, where he was elected Professor of Rhetoric in 1566. Four years later he was invited to become the physician to Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg at Montbéliard, in the Franche-Comté where he remained until his death. He devoted himself chiefly to botany. His great work, Historia plantarum universalis, a compilation of all that was then known about botany, remained incomplete at his death, but was published at Yverdon in 1650–1651. Bauhin nurtured several botanic gardens and also collected plants during his travels. In 1591, he published a list of plants named after saints called De Plantis a Divis Sanctisve Nomen Habentibus. Johann Bauhin died in Montbéliard. Carl Linnaeus named the genus Bauhinia (family Caesalpiniaceae) for the brothers Johann and Gaspard Bauhin.
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