Maria Montessori cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Maria Montessori

Italian pedagogue, philosopher and physician

1870   -   1952

country of citizenship: Italy, Kingdom of Italy
language of expression: Italian, French
educated at: Sapienza University of Rome
occupation: psychologist, philosopher, inventor, physician, pedagogue, psychiatrist, lecturer, mathematician
award received: Officer of the order Orange-Nassau
position held: head teacher

Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori ( MON-tiss-OR-ee, Italian: [maˈriːa montesˈsɔːri]; August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. At an early age, Montessori broke gender barriers and expectations when she enrolled in classes at an all-boys technical school, with hopes of becoming an engineer. She soon had a change of heart and began medical school at the Sapienza University of Rome, where she graduated – with honors – in 1896. Her educational method is in use today in many public and private schools globally.
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