photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
Norwegian anthropologist and adventurerwd:Q133622
country of citizenship: Norway
language of expression: Norwegian, English, Italian
educated at: University of Oslo
occupation: explorer, anthropologist, archaeologist, historian, screenwriter, marine biologist, adventurer, film director, sailor
award received: Fridtjof Nansen Award for outstanding research, historical-philosophical class, Empowering award, Peer Gynt Literary Award, Grand Officer of the Order of Wissam El Alaoui, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav, Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Order of the Golden Ark, Vega Medal, Patron’s Medal, Mungo Park Medal, Officer of the Order of the Sun of Peru, Lomonosov Gold Medal, honorary doctorate of the University of Oslo, honorary doctorate of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Thor Heyerdahl (Norwegian pronunciation: [tuːr ˈhæ̀ɪəɖɑːl]; 6 October 1914 – 18 April 2002) was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany and geography.
Heyerdahl is notable for his Kon-Tiki expedition in 1947, in which he sailed 8,000 km (5,000 mi) across the Pacific Ocean in a hand-built raft from South America to the Tuamotu Islands. The expedition was designed to demonstrate that ancient people could have made long sea voyages, creating contacts between societies. This was linked to a diffusionist model of cultural development.
Heyerdahl made other voyages to demonstrate the possibility of contact between widely separated ancient peoples, notably the Ra II expedition of 1970, when he sailed from the west coast of Africa to Barbados in a papyrus reed boat. He was appointed a government scholar in 1984.
He died on 18 April 2002 in Colla Micheri, Liguria, Italy, while visiting close family members. The Norwegian government gave him a state funeral in Oslo Cathedral on 26 April 2002.In May 2011, the Thor Heyerdahl Archives were added to UNESCO's "Memory of the World" Register. At the time, this list included 238 collections from all over the world. The Heyerdahl Archives span the years 1937 to 2002 and include his photographic collection, diaries, private letters, expedition plans, articles, newspaper clippings, original book, and article manuscripts. The Heyerdahl Archives are administered by the Kon-Tiki Museum and the National Library of Norway in Oslo.
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book by Thor Heyerdahlwd:Q3203414
author: Thor Heyerdahl