Author

Alfred Sauvy cover

photo credits: CC-BY-SA-3.0

Alfred Sauvy

demographer, anthropologist and historian of the French economy

1898   -   1990

country of citizenship: France
language of expression: French
educated at: École Polytechnique, Collège Stanislas de Paris
occupation: economist, demographer, anthropologist, historian, professor, sociologist
award received: Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour, Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit
position held: director

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Alfred Sauvy (31 October 1898 – 30 October 1990) was a demographer, anthropologist and historian of the French economy. Sauvy coined the term Third World ("Tiers Monde") in reference to countries that were unaligned with either the Communist Soviet bloc or the Capitalist NATO bloc during the Cold War. In an article published in the French magazine, L'Observateur on August 14, 1952, Sauvy said: "...car enfin, ce Tiers Monde ignoré, exploité, méprisé comme le Tiers Etat, veut lui aussi, être quelque chose" "...because at the end this ignored, exploited, scorned Third World like the Third Estate, wants to become something too".Sauvy coined Third World by analogy with the Third Estate and the above quote is a paraphrase of Sieyès's famous sentence about the Third Estate during the French Revolution.
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