Henry Stephens Salt cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Henry Stephens Salt

English writer and social reformer

1851   -   1939

country of citizenship: United Kingdom
languages spoken, written or signed: English
educated at: Eton College, King's College
occupation: essayist, literary critic, biographer, naturalist

Henry Shakespear Stephens Salt (; 20 September 1851 – 19 April 1939) was an English writer and campaigner for social reform in the fields of prisons, schools, economic institutions, and the treatment of animals. He was a noted ethical vegetarian, anti-vivisectionist, socialist, and pacifist, and was well known as a literary critic, biographer, classical scholar and naturalist. It was Salt who first introduced Mohandas Gandhi to the influential works of Henry David Thoreau, and influenced Gandhi's study of vegetarianism. Salt is considered, by some, to be the "father of animal rights," having been one of the first writers to argue explicitly in favour of animal rights, rather than just improvements to animal welfare, in his Animals' Rights: Considered in Relation to Social Progress (1892).
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