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Pierre Bourdieu

French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher

1930   -   2002

country of citizenship: France
native language: French
educated at: École pratique des hautes études
occupation: philosopher, sociologist
award received: CNRS Gold medal, Ernst Bloch Award, Honorary doctor of the Free University of Berlin, Lysenko Prize, docteur honoris causa de l'université nationale et capodistrienne d'Athènes
position held: president
student of: Henri Gouhier

Pierre Felix Bourdieu (; French: [buʁdjø]; 1 August 1930 – 23 January 2002) was a French sociologist, anthropologist, philosopher, and public intellectual.Bourdieu's work was primarily concerned with the dynamics of power in society, and especially the diverse and subtle ways in which power is transferred and social order maintained within and across generations. In conscious opposition to the idealist tradition of much of Western philosophy, his work often emphasized the corporeal nature of social life and stressed the role of practice and embodiment in social dynamics. Building upon the theories of Martin Heidegger, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Edmund Husserl, Georges Canguilhem, Karl Marx, Gaston Bachelard, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Erwin Panofsky, and Marcel Mauss (among others), his research pioneered novel investigative frameworks and methods, and introduced such influential concepts as cultural, social, and symbolic forms of capital (as opposed to traditional economic forms of capital), the cultural reproduction, the habitus, the field or location, and symbolic violence. Another notable influence on Bourdieu was Blaise Pascal, after whom Bourdieu titled his Pascalian Meditations. Bourdieu's major contributions to the sociology of education, the theory of sociology, and sociology of aesthetics have achieved wide influence in several related academic fields (e.g. anthropology, media and cultural studies, education), popular culture, and the arts. Bourdieu's best known book is Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste (1979). The book was judged the sixth most important sociological work of the twentieth century by the International Sociological Association. In it, Bourdieu argues that judgments of taste are related to social position, or more precisely, are themselves acts of social positioning. His argument is put forward by an original combination of social theory and data from quantitative surveys, photographs and interviews, in an attempt to reconcile difficulties such as how to understand the subject within objective structures. In the process, he tried to reconcile the influences of both external social structures and subjective experience on the individual (see structure and agency).
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works

37

Réponses

book by Pierre Bourdieu

author: Pierre Bourdieu

1992

Misery of the World

book by Pierre Bourdieu

author: Pierre Bourdieu

Masculine domination

book by Pierre Bourdieu

author: Pierre Bourdieu

Ce que parler veut dire

book by Pierre Bourdieu

author: Pierre Bourdieu

1982

Choses dites

book by Pierre Bourdieu

author: Pierre Bourdieu

1987

Esquisse pour une auto-analyse

book by Pierre Bourdieu

author: Pierre Bourdieu

2004

La Noblesse d'État

book by Pierre Bourdieu

author: Pierre Bourdieu

1989

articles

51

Le Sommet des peuples de Québec ( 2001 )

journal article from 'Inter : Art actuel' published in 2001

author: Pierre Bourdieu

Mondialisation et domination : de la finance à la culture ( 2012 )

journal article from 'Cités' published in 2012

author: Pierre Bourdieu

Masculine Domination Revisited ( 1996 )

journal article from 'Berkeley Journal of Sociology' published in 1996

author: Pierre Bourdieu

Contra la política de despolitización ( 2001 )

journal article from 'Ecología Política' published in 2001

author: Pierre Bourdieu

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