Montesquieu cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons


French social commentator and political thinker (1689-1755)

1689   -   1755


genre: epistolary novel, essay
country of citizenship: France
native language: French
languages spoken, written or signed: French
educated at: College of Juilly
occupation: philosopher, writer, novelist, sociologist, lawyer, judge, encyclopédistes, historian, politician, jurist
award received: Fellow of the Royal Society
position held: judge, Vice Chair of the French Academy

Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (; French: [mɔ̃tɛskjø]; 18 January 1689 – 10 February 1755), generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French judge, man of letters, historian, and political philosopher. He is the principal source of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word "despotism" in the political lexicon. His anonymously published The Spirit of the Laws (1748), which was received well in both Great Britain and the American colonies, influenced the Founding Fathers of the United States in drafting the U.S. Constitution.
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