Muhammad bin Ali Rawandi

Iranian calligrapher and poet

country of citizenship: Iran
language of expression: Persian
occupation: calligrapher, poet, historian

Muhammad bin Ali Rawandi (Persian: محمدبن علی راوندی‎), was a Persian historian who wrote the Rahat al-sudur wa ayat al-surur during the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire and the subsequent invasion by the Kharwarzmian empire. Rawandi was from a scholarly family from Rawand near Kashan, and studied Hanafi fiqh in Hamadhan from 1174 to 1184. As a calligrapher, Rawandi was brought to court to craft a Quran for Toghrul III and gained the sultan's favor. After Toghrul's incarceration, Rawandi gained the patronage of Shihab al-Din al-Kashani, who urged him to write the Rahat al-sudur. Rawandi had intended to dedicate his book to Süleymanshah II, but dedicated it to Kaykhusraw I, following the latter's accession as Sultan of Rum. Later the Rahat al-sudur was translated into Turkish during the reign of Murad II.
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