Symbolism

art movement

Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the style originates with the 1857 publication of Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du mal. The works of Edgar Allan Poe, which Baudelaire admired greatly and translated into French, were a significant influence and the source of many stock tropes and images. The aesthetic was developed by Stéphane Mallarmé and Paul Verlaine during the 1860s and 1870s. In the 1880s, the aesthetic was articulated by a series of manifestos and attracted a generation of writers. The term "symbolist" was first applied by the critic Jean Moréas, who invented the term to distinguish the Symbolists from the related Decadents of literature and of art. Distinct from, but related to, the style of literature, symbolism in art is related to the gothic component of Romanticism and Impressionism.
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movement: Symbolism

22

Author

William Butler Yeats cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

William Butler Yeats

Irish poet and playwright

works

37

The Wanderings of Oisin

book by William Butler Yeats

author: William Butler Yeats

1889

The Second Coming

poem composed by Irish poet W. B. Yeats in 1919

author: William Butler Yeats

1919

An Irish Airman Foresees His Death

1919 poem written by William Butler Yeats

author: William Butler Yeats

1919

At the Hawk's Well

play by William Butler Yeats

author: William Butler Yeats

Author

Maurice Maeterlinck cover

photo credits: Unknown - PD US

Maurice Maeterlinck

Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist

works

23

The Blue Bird

play by Maurice Maeterlinck

author: Maurice Maeterlinck

The Treasure of the Humble

book by Maurice Maeterlinck

author: Maurice Maeterlinck

1896

Monna Vanna

drame lyrique by Henry Février

author: Maurice Maeterlinck

Intruder

play written by Maurice Maeterlinck

author: Maurice Maeterlinck

Hothouses

book by Maurice Maeterlinck

author: Maurice Maeterlinck

1889

Author

Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto

Brazilian writer and politician

Author

Afonso d'Escragnolle Taunay cover

photo credits:

Afonso d'Escragnolle Taunay

Brazilian writer

Author

Zinaida Gippius cover

photo credits:

Zinaida Gippius

Russian poet, playwright, editor, short story writer and religious thinker

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