Author

Lope de Vega cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Lope de Vega

Spanish playwright and poet

1562   -   1635

genre: poetry, theater
country of citizenship: Spain
language of expression: Spanish
educated at: Complutense University
occupation: playwright, poet, writer, translator

Lope Félix de Vega Carpio ( LOH-pei de Veh-gə; Spanish: [ˈlope ˈfeliɣz ðe ˈβeɣa i ˈkaɾpjo]; 25 November 1562 – 27 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet, novelist and marine. He was one of the key figures in the Spanish Golden Age of Baroque literature. His reputation in the world of Spanish literature is second only to that of Miguel de Cervantes, while the sheer volume of his literary output is unequalled, making him one of the most prolific authors in the history of literature. He was nicknamed "The Phoenix of Wits" and "Monster of Nature" (in Spanish: Fénix de los Ingenios, Monstruo de la Naturaleza) by Cervantes because of his prolific nature. Lope de Vega renewed the Spanish theatre at a time when it was starting to become a mass cultural phenomenon. He defined its key characteristics, and along with Pedro Calderón de la Barca and Tirso de Molina, took Spanish Baroque theatre to its greatest heights. Because of the insight, depth and ease of his plays, he is regarded as one of the greatest dramatists in Western literature, his plays still being produced worldwide. He was also considered one of the best lyric poets in the Spanish language, and wrote several novels. Although not well known in the English-speaking world, his plays were presented in England as late as the 1660s, when diarist Samuel Pepys recorded having attended some adaptations and translations of them, although he omits mentioning the author. Some 3,000 sonnets, 3 novels, 4 novellas, 9 epic poems, and about 500 plays are attributed to him. Although he has been criticised for putting quantity ahead of quality, nevertheless at least 80 of his plays are considered masterpieces. He was a friend of the writer Francisco de Quevedo and an arch-enemy of the dramatist Juan Ruiz de Alarcón. The volume of his lifework made him envied by not only contemporary authors such as Cervantes and Luis de Góngora, but also by many others: for instance, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe once wished he had been able to produce such a vast and colourful oeuvre.
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works

56

Águila, cuyo pico soberano

sonnet by Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

El galán de la Membrilla

1618 play written by Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

1618

Mujeres y criados

play written by Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

La desdichada Estefanía

obra de Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

La imperial de Otón

boek van Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

Las cuentas del Gran Capitán

1638 play written by Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

1638

Dormido

sonnet by Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

El amigo hasta la muerte

1618 play written by Lope de Vega

author: Lope de Vega

1618

Fuenteovejuna

Spanish play written between 1612 and 1614

author: Lope de Vega

1619

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