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Anglo-Irish statesman and political theorist (1729-1797)wd:Q165792
liberal conservatism, counter-revolutionary
country of citizenship: Kingdom of Ireland
language of expression: English
educated at: Trinity College Dublin
occupation: politician, philosopher, writer
position held: Member of Parliament in the Parliament of Great Britain
influenced by: Aristotle, Cicero, Church Fathers, Richard Hooker, Montesquieu, William Blackstone, John Locke, David Hume
Edmund Burke (; 12 January [NS] 1729 – 9 July 1797) was an Irish statesman and philosopher. Born in Dublin, Burke served as a member of parliament (MP) between 1766 and 1794 in the House of Commons of Great Britain with the Whig Party after moving to London in 1750.
Burke was a proponent of underpinning virtues with manners in society and of the importance of religious institutions for the moral stability and good of the state. These views were expressed in his A Vindication of Natural Society. He criticized British treatment of the American colonies, including through its taxation policies. Burke also supported the rights of the colonists to resist metropolitan authority, although he opposed the attempt to achieve independence. He is remembered for his support for Catholic emancipation, the impeachment of Warren Hastings from the East India Company, and his staunch opposition to the French Revolution.
In his Reflections on the Revolution in France, Burke asserted that the revolution was destroying the fabric of good society and traditional institutions of state and society and condemned the persecution of the Catholic Church that resulted from it. This led to his becoming the leading figure within the conservative faction of the Whig Party which he dubbed the Old Whigs as opposed to the pro-French Revolution New Whigs led by Charles James Fox.In the 19th century, Burke was praised by both conservatives and liberals. Subsequently in the 20th century, he became widely regarded as the philosophical founder of modern conservatism.
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1757 treatise on aesthetics by Edmund Burkewd:Q947972
1790 Edmund Burke political bookwd:Q2287584
pamphlet by Edmund Burkewd:Q7797019