Fernando Pessoa cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Fernando Pessoa

Portuguese poet, writer, and philosopher (1888–1935)

1888   -   1935


genre: poetry
country of citizenship: Portugal
native language: Portuguese
languages spoken, written or signed: Portuguese
educated at: University of Lisbon, University of South Africa
occupation: poet, translator, writer, philosopher, essayist, literary critic, author, prosaist

Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa (Portuguese: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃du pɨˈsoɐ]; 13 June 1888 – 30 November 1935) was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. He also wrote in and translated from English and French. Pessoa was a prolific writer, and not only under his own name, for he created approximately seventy-five others, of which three stand out, Alberto Caeiro, Álvaro de Campos and Ricardo Reis. He did not call them pseudonyms because he felt that they did not capture their true independent intellectual life and instead called them heteronyms. These imaginary figures sometimes held unpopular or extreme views.
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