photo credits: Unknown photographer - CC-PD-Mark
Emperor of Japan from 1867 until 1912wd:Q174231
country of citizenship:
Tokugawa Shogunate, Empire of Japan, Japan
language of expression: Japanese
award received: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Order of the Black Eagle, Order of the Rising Sun, 1st class, Order of St. Andrew, Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum, Collar of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum, Knight grand cross of the order of the crown of Italy, Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, 1st class, Order of the Golden Kite, Order of the Sacred Treasure, Order of the Garter, Royal Order of the Seraphim, Order of the Elephant, Order of the Golden Fleece, Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Order of the Redeemer, Order of the Royal House of Chakri, Royal Order of Kamehameha I, Order of St. Alexander Nevsky
position held: Emperor of Japan
Emperor Meiji (明治天皇, Meiji-tennō, 3 November 1852 – 30 July 1912), or Meiji the Great (明治大帝, Meiji-taitei), was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 3 February 1867 until his death on 30 July 1912. He presided over the Meiji era, a time of rapid change that witnessed the Empire of Japan rapidly transform from an isolationist feudal state to an industrialized world power.
At the time of Emperor Meiji's birth in 1852, Japan was an isolated, pre-industrial, feudal country dominated by the Tokugawa shogunate and the daimyōs, who ruled over the country's more than 250 decentralized domains. By the time of his death in 1912, Japan had undergone an extensive political, economic, and social revolution and emerged as one of the great powers on the world stage. The New York Times summed up this transformation at the Emperor's funeral in 1912 with the words: "the contrast between that which preceded the funeral car and that which followed it was striking indeed. Before it went old Japan; after it came new Japan."Since the modern era, when an Emperor of Japan dies they are given a posthumous name. Such a name is a combination of the era of which they reigned and coincides with the Emperor's contribution to the throne whilst they were alive. Therefore, while publicly known during his life merely as "The Emperor", he is historically known as "Emperor Meiji" after his death. He obtained this current title in reference to the Meiji era which spanned almost the entirety of his reign. His personal name (which is not used in any formal or official context, except for his signature) was Mutsuhito (睦仁).
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