Chu-fan-chi cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons



Zhu Fan Zhi (simplified Chinese: 诸蕃志; traditional Chinese: 諸蕃志; pinyin: Zhū Fān Zhì; Wade–Giles: Chu-fan-chi), variously translated as A Description of Barbarian Nations, Records of Foreign People, or other similar titles, is a 13th-century Song Dynasty work by Zhao Rukuo. The work is a collection of descriptions of countries and various products from outside China, and it is considered an important source of information on the people, customs and in particular the traded commodities of many countries in South East Asia and around the Indian Ocean during the Song Dynasty.An annotated partial English translation was published in 1911 by Friedrich Hirth and William W. Rockhill.
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original title: 諸蕃志
language: Classical Chinese
date of publication: 1225

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