Stephen Hawking cover

photo credits: NASA - PD NASA

Stephen Hawking

British theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author

1942   -   2018

country of citizenship: United Kingdom
native language: English
educated at: University College, Trinity Hall, St Albans School, St Albans High School for Girls
occupation: theoretical physicist, cosmologist, writer
award received: Albert Einstein Medal, Wolf Prize in Physics, Copley Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics, Order of the Companions of Honour, Eddington Medal, Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Naylor Prize and Lectureship, Oskar Klein Medal, Hughes Medal, Royal Society Science Books Prize, Albert Medal, Michelson–Morley Award, Fonseca Prize, Pius XI Medal, Maxwell Medal and Prize, IOP Dirac Medal, Adams Prize, Andrew Gemant Award, The James Smithson Bicentennial Medal, NSS Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Award, Princess of Asturias Award for Concord, Honorary doctor of the Harvard University, Honorary doctor of the University of Oxford, Marcel Grossmann Award, Franklin Medal, BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award, Bodley Medal, Gold medal of the Spanish National Research Council, Albert Einstein Award, Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Honorary doctor of the Princeton University, honorary doctor of the University of Cambridge, Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, Lilienfeld Prize
position held: Lucasian Professor of Mathematics
student of: Dennis W. Sciama
influenced by: Dikran Tahta, Paul Dirac, Bertrand Russell, Karl Popper, Andrei Linde, Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Albert Einstein
www.hawking.org.uk

Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009. His scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He was a vigorous supporter of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.Hawking achieved commercial success with several works of popular science in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general. His book A Brief History of Time appeared on the British Sunday Times best-seller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks. Hawking was a fellow of the Royal Society (FRS), a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States. In 2002, Hawking was ranked number 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. Hawking had a rare early-onset slow-progressing form of motor neurone disease (also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis "ALS" or Lou Gehrig's disease) that gradually paralysed him over the decades. Even after the loss of his speech, he was still able to communicate through a speech-generating device, initially through use of a hand-held switch, and eventually by using a single cheek muscle. He died on 14 March 2018 at the age of 76.
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works

28

The Grand Design

popular-science book

author: Stephen Hawking, Leonard Mlodinow

2010

A Briefer History of Time

book by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Miodinow

author: Stephen Hawking, Leonard Mlodinow

2005

The Universe in a Nutshell

2001 Stephen Hawking's book

author: Stephen Hawking

2001

On the Shoulders of Giants

book by Stephen Hawking

author: Stephen Hawking

2002

George and the Big Bang

book by Stephen Hawking

author: Stephen Hawking, Lucy Hawking

2011

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