W. H. Auden cover

photo credits: PD Van Vechten

W. H. Auden

Anglo-American poet

1907   -   1973

genre: lyric poetry
country of citizenship: United Kingdom, United States of America
educated at: Christ Church, University of Oxford, Gresham's School
occupation: poet, screenwriter, literary historian, playwright, writer, librettist, university teacher, literary critic, essayist, composer, author
award received: John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, Austrian State Prize for European Literature, Bollingen Prize, Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry, Feltrinelli Prize, Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, National Book Award for Poetry, St. Louis Literary Award, United Nations Peace Medal
influenced by: Adalbert Stifter, Bertolt Brecht, Christopher Isherwood, George MacDonald, John Donne, Constantine P. Cavafy, Søren Kierkegaard, T. S. Eliot, Thomas Hardy

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) was an English-American poet. Auden's poetry was noted for its stylistic and technical achievement, its engagement with politics, morals, love, and religion, and its variety in tone, form and content. He is best known for love poems such as "Funeral Blues", poems on political and social themes such as "September 1, 1939" and "The Shield of Achilles", poems on cultural and psychological themes such as The Age of Anxiety, and poems on religious themes such as "For the Time Being" and "Horae Canonicae".He was born in York, grew up in and near Birmingham in a professional middle-class family. He attended English independent (or public) schools and studied English at Christ Church, Oxford. After a few months in Berlin in 1928–29, he spent five years (1930–35) teaching in British public schools, then travelled to Iceland and China in order to write books about his journeys. In 1939 he moved to the United States and became an American citizen in 1946. He taught from 1941 to 1945 in American universities, followed by occasional visiting professorships in the 1950s. From 1947 to 1957 he wintered in New York and summered in Ischia; from 1958 until the end of his life he wintered in New York (in Oxford in 1972–73) and summered in Kirchstetten, Lower Austria. He came to wide public attention with his first book Poems at the age of twenty-three in 1930; it was followed in 1932 by The Orators. Three plays written in collaboration with Christopher Isherwood between 1935 and 1938 built his reputation as a left-wing political writer. Auden moved to the United States partly to escape this reputation, and his work in the 1940s, including the long poems "For the Time Being" and "The Sea and the Mirror", focused on religious themes. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his 1947 long poem The Age of Anxiety, the title of which became a popular phrase describing the modern era. From 1956 to 1961 he was Professor of Poetry at Oxford; his lectures were popular with students and faculty, and served as the basis for his 1962 prose collection The Dyer's Hand. Auden and Isherwood maintained a lasting but intermittent sexual friendship from around 1927 to 1939, while both had briefer but more intense relations with other men. In 1939, Auden fell in love with Chester Kallman and regarded their relationship as a marriage, but this ended in 1941 when Kallman refused to accept the faithful relations that Auden demanded. However, the two maintained their friendship, and from 1947 until Auden's death they lived in the same house or apartment in a non-sexual relationship, often collaborating on opera libretti such as that of The Rake's Progress, to music by Igor Stravinsky. Auden was a prolific writer of prose essays and reviews on literary, political, psychological and religious subjects, and he worked at various times on documentary films, poetic plays, and other forms of performance. Throughout his career he was both controversial and influential, and critical views on his work ranged from sharply dismissive, treating him as a lesser follower of W. B. Yeats and T. S. Eliot, to strongly affirmative, as in Joseph Brodsky's claim that he had "the greatest mind of the twentieth century". After his death, his poems became known to a much wider public than during his lifetime through films, broadcasts and popular media.
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works

31

A Certain World

book by W.H. Auden

author: W. H. Auden

1970

Secondary Worlds

book of four essays by W. H. Auden

author: W. H. Auden

1968

About the House

1965 book of poems by W. H. Auden

author: W. H. Auden

1965

Academic Graffiti

1971 a book of clerihews by W. H. Auden

author: W. H. Auden

1971

City Without Walls

1969 a book by W. H. Auden

author: W. H. Auden

1969

Epistle to a Godson

1972 a book of poems by W. H. Auden

author: W. H. Auden

1972

Forewords and Afterwords

a prose book by W. H. Auden published in 1973

author: W. H. Auden

1973

Journey to a War

book by Christopher Isherwood

author: Christopher Isherwood, W. H. Auden

articles

1

The Unknown Citizen ( 1940 )

1939 poem by W. H. Auden

author: W. H. Auden

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