photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
country of citizenship:
language of expression: French, Russian, Albanian
educated at: University of Tirana, Maxim Gorky Literature Institute
occupation: poet, novelist, writer
award received: Prince of Asturias Literary Prize, Herder Prize, Commander of the Legion of Honour, Prix mondial Cino Del Duca, Man Booker International Prize, Jerusalem Prize, International Nonino Prize, Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres, Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour
position held: Member of the Parliament of Albania
influenced by: Italo Calvino, Vladimir Nabokov
Ismail Kadare (Albanian pronunciation: [ismaˈil kadaˈɾe], also spelled Ismaïl Kadaré in French; born 28 January 1936) is an Albanian novelist, poet, essayist and playwright. During the communist regime he was a member of the People's Assembly for 12 years (1970–82), and deputy chairman of the Democratic Front. He started writing poetry until the publication of his first novel The General of the Dead Army, which made him a leading literary figure in Albania and famous internationally. In 1996, he became a foreign associate of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques of France.
In 1992, he was awarded the Prix mondial Cino Del Duca; in 1998, the Herder Prize; in 2005, he won the inaugural Man Booker International Prize; in 2009, the Prince of Asturias Award of Arts; in 2015, the Jerusalem Prize, and in 2016, he was a Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur recipient.
Kadare is regarded by some as one of the greatest European writers and intellectuals of the 20th century and, in addition, as a universal voice against totalitarianism. Critical opinion is divided as to whether Kadare should be considered to have been a dissident or a conformist during the Communist period. Some academic commentators now regard Kadare's depiction of Albania under the Ottoman Empire as indebted to communist-era Orientalist artistic production, condemning it as Eurocentric, essentialist, fundamentalist and anti-modernist, giving rise to Islamophobia and racism.
Read more or edit on Wikipedia