Washington Irving cover

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Washington Irving

American writer, historian and diplomat

1783   -   1859

genre: biography
country of citizenship: United States of America
occupation: politician, lawyer, diplomat, writer, essayist, playwright, biographer, novelist, journalist
award received: Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
position held: ambassador

Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" (1819) and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" (1820), both of which appear in his collection The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of Oliver Goldsmith, Islamic prophet Muhammad, and George Washington, as well as several histories of 15th century Spain that deal with subjects such as Alhambra, Christopher Columbus, and the Moors. Irving served as ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846. He made his literary debut in 1802 with a series of observational letters to the Morning Chronicle, written under the pseudonym Jonathan Oldstyle. He moved to England for the family business in 1815 where he achieved fame with the publication of The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent., serialized from 1819–20. He continued to publish regularly throughout his life, and he completed a five-volume biography of George Washington just eight months before his death at age 76 in Tarrytown, New York. Irving was one of the first American writers to earn acclaim in Europe, and he encouraged other American authors such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Herman Melville, and Edgar Allan Poe. He was also admired by some British writers, including Lord Byron, Thomas Campbell, Charles Dickens, Francis Jeffrey, and Walter Scott. He advocated for writing as a legitimate profession and argued for stronger laws to protect American writers from copyright infringement.
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works

18

Tales of a Traveller

book by Washington Irving

author: Washington Irving

1824

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

1820 short story by Washington Irving

author: Washington Irving

1820

Rip Van Winkle

short story by Washington Irving published in 1819

author: Washington Irving

1819

The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.

collection of short stories and essays by Washington Irving

author: Washington Irving

Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle

book by Washington Irving

author: Washington Irving

1802

Astoria

book by Washington Irving

author: Washington Irving

Bracebridge Hall

book by Washington Irving

author: Washington Irving

1822

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