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photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Nicolas Carnot

French physicist, the "father of thermodynamics" (1796–1832)

1796   -   1832

country of citizenship: France
language of expression: French
educated at: École Polytechnique, Conservatoire national des Arts et Métiers, Lycée Condorcet
occupation: mathematician, physicist, combat engineer, scientist, engineer
student of: Siméon Denis Poisson

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Sous-lieutenant Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (French: [kaʁno]; 1 June 1796 – 24 August 1832) was a French mechanical engineer in the French Army, military scientist and physicist, often described as the "father of thermodynamics." Like Copernicus, he published only one book, the Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire (Paris, 1824), in which he expressed, at the age of 27 years, the first successful theory of the maximum efficiency of heat engines. In this work he laid the foundations of an entirely new discipline, thermodynamics. Carnot's work attracted little attention during his lifetime, but it was later used by Rudolf Clausius and Lord Kelvin to formalize the second law of thermodynamics and define the concept of entropy.
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