Isabella II of Spain cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Isabella II of Spain

Spanish queen regnant

1830   -   1904

country of citizenship: Spain
language of expression: Spanish
occupation: ruler
award received: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Golden Rose, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Grand Cross of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa
position held: monarch of Spain, Grand Master of the Order of Santiago

Isabella II (Spanish: Isabel; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904), also known as La de los Tristes Destinos (She of the Sad Destinies), was Queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868. Shortly before her birth, the King issued a Pragmatic Sanction to ensure the succession of his firstborn. She came to the throne a month before her third birthday, but her succession was disputed by her uncle the Infante Carlos (founder of the Carlist movement), whose refusal to recognize a female sovereign led to the Carlist Wars. Under the regency of her mother, Spain transitioned from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy adopting the Royal Statute of 1834 and Constitution of 1837. After a troubled reign, she was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868, and formally abdicated in 1870. Her son, Alfonso XII, became king in 1874.
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