George Bernard Shaw cover

photo credits: Unknown author - PD US

George Bernard Shaw

Irish playwright

1856   -   1950

country of citizenship: Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom
educated at: Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
occupation: playwright
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Academy Award for Best Writing, Adapted Screenplay, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
influenced by: Henry David Thoreau, Richard Wagner, William Morris, Henrik Ibsen, Charles Dickens

George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist and political activist. His influence on Western theatre, culture and politics extended from the 1880s to his death and beyond. He wrote more than sixty plays, including major works such as Man and Superman (1902), Pygmalion (1912) and Saint Joan (1923). With a range incorporating both contemporary satire and historical allegory, Shaw became the leading dramatist of his generation, and in 1925 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Dublin, Shaw moved to London in 1876, where he struggled to establish himself as a writer and novelist, and embarked on a rigorous process of self-education. By the mid-1880s he had become a respected theatre and music critic. Following a political awakening, he joined the gradualist Fabian Society and became its most prominent pamphleteer. Shaw had been writing plays for years before his first public success, Arms and the Man in 1894. Influenced by Henrik Ibsen, he sought to introduce a new realism into English-language drama, using his plays as vehicles to disseminate his political, social and religious ideas. By the early twentieth century his reputation as a dramatist was secured with a series of critical and popular successes that included Major Barbara, The Doctor's Dilemma and Caesar and Cleopatra. Shaw's expressed views were often contentious; he promoted eugenics and alphabet reform, and opposed vaccination and organised religion. He courted unpopularity by denouncing both sides in the First World War as equally culpable, and although not a republican, castigated British policy on Ireland in the postwar period. These stances had no lasting effect on his standing or productivity as a dramatist; the inter-war years saw a series of often ambitious plays, which achieved varying degrees of popular success. In 1938 he provided the screenplay for a filmed version of Pygmalion for which he received an Academy Award. His appetite for politics and controversy remained undiminished; by the late 1920s he had largely renounced Fabian Society gradualism and often wrote and spoke favourably of dictatorships of the right and left—he expressed admiration for both Mussolini and Stalin. In the final decade of his life he made fewer public statements, but continued to write prolifically until shortly before his death, aged ninety-four, having refused all state honours, including the Order of Merit in 1946. Since Shaw's death scholarly and critical opinion has varied about his works, but he has regularly been rated as second only to Shakespeare among British dramatists; analysts recognise his extensive influence on generations of English-language playwrights. The word Shavian has entered the language as encapsulating Shaw's ideas and his means of expressing them.
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works

65

Pygmalion

play by George Bernard Shaw

author: George Bernard Shaw

1913

Candida

play by Bernard Shaw

author: George Bernard Shaw

Passion, Poison, and Petrifaction

play written by George Bernard Shaw

author: George Bernard Shaw

Arthur and the Acetone

play written by George Bernard Shaw

author: George Bernard Shaw

On the Rocks

play written by George Bernard Shaw

author: George Bernard Shaw

Farfetched Fables

George Bernard Shaw play collection

author: George Bernard Shaw

articles

2

Les Illusions du socialisme ( 1900 )

redactioneel artikel

author: George Bernard Shaw

Un paradosso di B.Shaw: "L'evoluzionismo nel teatro"

articolo della rivista Il Baretti

author: George Bernard Shaw

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