Italian writer, poet, journalist and playwrightwd:Q193236
country of citizenship:
Kingdom of Italy
language of expression: Italian
educated at: Sapienza University of Rome, C/O Convitto Nazionale Cicognini
occupation: playwright, politician, soldier, poet, journalist, writer, essayist, screenwriter, aircraft pilot
award received: Legion of Honour, Military Order of Italy, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Croix de Guerre, Medal of Military Valour, Officer of the Military Order of Savoy, Knight of the Military Order of Savoy
position held: member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (UK: , US: , Italian: [ɡabriˈɛːle danˈnuntsjo]; 12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924. He was often referred to under the epithets Il Vate ("the Poet") or Il Profeta ("the Prophet").
D'Annunzio was associated with the Decadent movement in his literary works, which interplayed closely with French Symbolism and British Aestheticism. Such works represented a turn against the naturalism of the preceding romantics and was both sensuous and mystical. He came under the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche which would find outlets in his literary and later political contributions. His affairs with several women, including Eleonora Duse and Luisa Casati, received public attention.
During the First World War, perception of D'Annunzio in Italy transformed from literary figure into a national war hero. He was associated with the elite Arditi storm troops of the Italian Army and took part in actions such as the Flight over Vienna. As part of an Italian nationalist reaction against the Paris Peace Conference, he set up the short-lived Italian Regency of Carnaro in Fiume with himself as Duce. The constitution made "music" the fundamental principle of the state and was corporatist in nature. Though D'Annunzio never declared himself a fascist, he has been described as the forerunner of Italian fascism as his ideas and aesthetics influenced it and the style of Benito Mussolini.
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short story by Gabriele D'Annunziowd:Q3688809
1910 novel written by Gabriele D'Annunziowd:Q3748465
costituzione della Reggenza italiana del Carnarowd:Q1081866