Mani cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons


Prophet and founder of Manichaeism

216   -   274 or 277

country of citizenship: Parthian Empire, Sasanian Empire
occupation: theologian, writer, prophet, Imam

Mani (in Middle Persian: 𐭌𐭀𐭍𐭉 or 𐭬𐭠𐭭𐭩 or 𐮋𐮀𐮌𐮈 or 𐬨𐬁𐬥𐬌 or 𐫖𐫀𐫗𐫏 Māni, New Persian: مانی Māni, Syriac Mānī, Greek Μάνης, Latin Manes; also Μανιχαῖος, Latin Manichaeus, from Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ Mānī ḥayyā "Living Mani", c. April AD 216–2 March AD 274 or 26 February AD 277), of Iranian origin, was the prophet and the founder of Manichaeism, a religion of late antiquity strongly influenced by Gnosticism which was widespread but no longer prevalent by name. Mani was born in or near Seleucia-Ctesiphon in Babylonia, at the time still part of the Parthian Empire. Six of his major works were written in Syriac, and the seventh, dedicated to the Sasanian emperor Shapur I, was written in Middle Persian. He died in Gundeshapur.
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Gospel of Mani

3rd-century gnostic gospel written by Mani

author: Mani



sacred book of the Manichaean religion, written by the founder Mani

author: Mani



disappeared holy book of the Manichaean religion

author: Mani

Fundamental Epistle

sacred text of manichaeism

author: Mani

Kephalaia of the Teacher

sacred text of manichaeism

author: Mani


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