Author

Pedro de Alvarado

Spanish conquistador, explorer and condottiero

1486   -   1541

country of citizenship: Spain
language of expression: Spanish
occupation: conquistador, explorer, condottiero

Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpeðɾo ðe alβaˈɾaðo]; Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, ca. 1485 – Guadalajara, New Spain, 4 July 1541) was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Juan de Grijalva's exploration of the coasts of the Yucatán Peninsula and the Gulf of Mexico, and in the conquest of Mexico led by Hernán Cortés. He is considered the conquistador of much of Central America, including Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. Although renowned for his skill as a soldier, Alvarado is known also for the cruelty of his treatment of native populations, and mass murders committed in the subjugation of the native peoples of Mexico.Indigenous people, both Nahuatl-speakers and speakers of other languages, referred to him using the name of the sun-god Tōnatiuh.
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