Author

Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

Russian poet, novelist and playwright

1817   -   1875

genre: poetry
country of citizenship: Russian Empire
language of expression: Russian
educated at: Imperial Moscow University
occupation: playwright, poet, writer, novelist
award received: Order of Saint Stanislaus, 2nd class

Count Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, often referred to as A. K. Tolstoy (Russian: Алексе́й Константи́нович Толсто́й) (September 5 [O.S. August 24] 1817 – October 10 [O.S. September 28] 1875), was a Russian poet, novelist, and playwright, considered to be the most important nineteenth-century Russian historical dramatist, primarily on account of the strength of his dramatic trilogy The Death of Ivan the Terrible (1866), Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich (1868), and Tsar Boris (1870). He also gained fame for his satirical works, published under his own name (History of the Russian State from Gostomysl to Timashev, The Dream of Councillor Popov) and under the collaborational pen name of Kozma Prutkov. His fictional works include the novella The Family of the Vourdalak, The Vampire (1841), and the historical novel Prince Serebrenni (1862). Aleksey was a member of the Tolstoy family, and a second cousin of Leo Tolstoy. Due to his mother's closeness with the court of the Tsar, Aleksey was admitted to the future Alexander II's childhood entourage and became "a comrade in games" for the young Crown Prince. As a young man Tolstoy traveled widely, including trips to Italy and Germany, where he met Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Tolstoy began his education at home under the tutelage of his uncle the writer Antony Pogorelsky, under whose influence he first became interested in writing poetry, and a number of other teachers. In 1834 Tolstoy enrolled in the Moscow Foreign Ministry State Archive as a student. In December 1835 he completed exams (in English, French and German languages and literature, Latin, World and Russian history, and Russian statistics) at the University of Moscow. Throughout the 1840s Tolstoy led a busy high society life, full of pleasure trips, salon parties and balls, hunting sprees and fleeting romances. He also spent many years in state service as a bureaucrat and diplomat. In 1856, on the day of his Coronation, Alexander II appointed Tolstoy one of his personal aide-de-adjutants. Tolstoy served as an infantry major in the Crimean War. He eventually left state service in the early 1860s to pursue his literary career. He died in 1875 of a self-administered lethal dose of morphine at his Krasny Rog estate in the Chernigov Governorate.
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poem written by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

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1856 poem written by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

1856

Prince Serebrenni

novel by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

1862

The Death of Ivan the Terrible

Historical drama by Aleksey Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

1866

Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich

historical drama by Aleksey Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

1868

Don Juan

1862 drama by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

Dragon

poem by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

History of the Russian State from Gostomysl to Timashev

1883 poem written by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

1883

John of Damascus

poem written by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

author: Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

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