L. Ron Hubbard

American science fiction author and the founder of the Church of Scientology

1911   -   1986

country of citizenship: United States of America
educated at: George Washington University, Queen Anne High School, Helena High School
occupation: military officer, novelist, musician, writer, screenwriter, poet, science fiction writer
award received: Ig Nobel Prize, Cosmos 2000 Award
influenced by: Aleister Crowley, Alfred Korzybski
www.lronhubbard.org

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Lafayette Ronald Hubbard ( HUB-ərd; March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986) was an American author of science fiction and fantasy stories, and the founder of the Church of Scientology. In 1950, Hubbard authored Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health and established a series of organizations to promote Dianetics. In 1952, Hubbard lost the rights to Dianetics in bankruptcy proceedings, and he subsequently founded Scientology. Thereafter Hubbard oversaw the growth of the Church of Scientology into a worldwide organization. Hubbard was cited by Smithsonian magazine as one of the 100 most significant Americans of all time.Born in Tilden, Nebraska in 1911, Hubbard spent much of his childhood in Helena, Montana. After his father was posted to the U.S. naval base on Guam, Hubbard traveled to Asia and the South Pacific in the late 1920s. In 1930, Hubbard enrolled at George Washington University to study civil engineering, but dropped out in his second year. He began his career as a prolific writer of pulp fiction stories and married Margaret "Polly" Grubb, who shared his interest in aviation. Hubbard served briefly in the Marine Corps Reserve and was an officer in the Navy during World War II. He briefly commanded two ships, but was removed from command both times. The last few months of his active service were spent in a hospital, being treated for a duodenal ulcer.During the late 1960s and early 1970s, he spent much of his time at sea on his personal fleet of ships as "Commodore" of the Sea Organization, an elite, paramilitary group of Scientologists. Some ex-members and scholars have described the Sea Org as a totalitarian organization marked by intensive surveillance and a lack of freedom. His expedition came to an end when Britain, Greece, Spain, Portugal, and Venezuela all closed their ports to his fleet. Hubbard returned to the United States in 1975 and went into seclusion in the California desert. In 1978, a trial court in France convicted Hubbard of fraud in absentia. In 1983 Hubbard was named as an unindicted co-conspirator in an international information infiltration and theft project called "Operation Snow White". He spent the remaining years of his life in a luxury motor home on his California property, attended to by a small group of Scientology officials including his physician. In 1986, L. Ron Hubbard died at age 74.The Church of Scientology describes Hubbard in hagiographic terms, and he portrayed himself as a pioneering explorer, world traveler, and nuclear physicist with expertise in a wide range of disciplines, including photography, art, poetry, and philosophy. Though many of Hubbard's autobiographical statements have been found to be fictitious, the Church rejects any suggestion that its account of Hubbard's life is not historical fact. In Scientology publications, he is referred to as "Founder" and "Source" of Scientology and Dianetics. His critics have characterized Hubbard as a mentally-unstable chronic liar.
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works

40

Final Blackout

novel by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1948

Fortune of Fear

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1986

The Enemy Within

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1986

Black Genesis

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1986

The Invaders Plan

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1985

Villainy Victorious

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1987

Death Quest

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1987

Requiem pour une planète

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1987

An Alien Affair

book by L. Ron Hubbard

author: L. Ron Hubbard

1986

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