Irish-born British writer and philosopher (1919–1999)wd:Q217495
country of citizenship: Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom
languages spoken, written or signed: English
educated at: Badminton School, Somerville College, Newnham College
occupation: poet, philosopher, novelist, writer, biographer, professor, prosaist
award received: Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire, James Tait Black Memorial Prize, Booker Prize, AAAS Fellow, honorary doctor of the University of Hong Kong
Dame Jean Iris Murdoch ( MUR-dok; 15 July 1919 – 8 February 1999) was an Irish and British novelist and philosopher. Murdoch is best known for her novels about good and evil, sexual relationships, morality, and the power of the unconscious. Her first published novel, Under the Net (1954), was selected in 1998 as one of Modern Library's 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. Her 1978 novel The Sea, the Sea won the Booker Prize. In 1987, she was made a Dame by Queen Elizabeth II for services to literature. In 2008, The Times ranked Murdoch twelfth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".Her other books include The Bell (1958), A Severed Head (1961), The Red and the Green (1965), The Nice and the Good (1968), The Black Prince (1973), Henry and Cato (1976), The Philosopher's Pupil (1983), The Good Apprentice (1985), The Book and the Brotherhood (1987), The Message to the Planet (1989), and The Green Knight (1993).
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