photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
American playwright (1928-2016)wd:Q219420
country of citizenship: United States of America
native language: English
language of expression: English
educated at: Choate Rosemary Hall, Trinity College, Lawrenceville School, Rye Country Day School, Valley Forge Military Academy and College
occupation: playwright, writer, screenwriter, university teacher, prosaist, theatrical director, author
award received: National Medal of Arts, Nestroy Award, America Award in Literature, Tony Award for Best Play, Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album, Pulitzer Prize for Drama, St. Louis Literary Award, Kennedy Center Honors, Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play, Drama Desk Special Award, AAAS Fellow
influenced by: August Strindberg, Samuel Beckett
Edward Franklin Albee III ( AWL-bee; March 12, 1928 – September 16, 2016) was an American playwright known for works such as The Zoo Story (1958), The Sandbox (1959), Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1962), A Delicate Balance (1966), and Three Tall Women (1994). Some critics have argued that some of his work constitutes an American variant of what Martin Esslin identified and named the Theater of the Absurd. Three of his plays won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, and two of his other works won the Tony Award for Best Play.
His works are often considered frank examinations of the modern condition. His early works reflect a mastery and Americanization of the Theatre of the Absurd that found its peak in works by European playwrights such as Samuel Beckett, Eugène Ionesco, and Jean Genet.
His middle period comprised plays that explored the psychology of maturing, marriage, and sexual relationships. Younger American playwrights, such as Paula Vogel, credit Albee's mix of theatricality and biting dialogue with helping to reinvent postwar American theatre in the early 1960s. Later in life, Albee continued to experiment in works such as The Goat, or Who Is Sylvia? (2002).
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