Aimé Césaire cover

photo credits: CC-BY-SA-4.0

Aimé Césaire

Martiniquais politician

1913   -   2008

movement: Négritude
country of citizenship: France
native language: French
educated at: École normale supérieure, Lycée Louis-le-Grand
occupation: poet
award received: Grand prix national de la poésie, America Award in Literature, Viareggio-Versilia International Prize
position held: member of the French National Assembly, maire, Regional council member, member of the general council
student of: Gilbert Gratiant

Aimé Fernand David Césaire (; French: [sezɛʁ]; 26 June 1913 – 17 April 2008) was a Francophone and French poet, author and politician from Martinique. He was "one of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature". His works included Une Tempête, a response to Shakespeare's play The Tempest, and Discours sur le colonialisme (Discourse on Colonialism), an essay describing the strife between the colonizers and the colonized. His works have been translated into many languages.
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works

10

Une Tempête

play

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Cahier d'un retour au pays natal

poem by Aimé Césaire

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La Tragédie du roi Christophe

book by Aimé Césaire

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1963

Les Armes miraculeuses

recueil de poèmes d'Aimé Césaire

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1946

Une Saison au Congo

1967 play written by Aimé Césaire

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1967

Cahier d'un retour au pays natal (livre)

livre d'Aimé Césaire

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En guise de manifeste littéraire

poem written by Aimé Césaire

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Discourse on colonialism

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Notebook of a return to the native land

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