Aimé Césaire cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Aimé Césaire

Martiniquais writer, poet and politician

1913   -   2008

movement: Négritude
country of citizenship: France
native language: French, Antillean Creole
languages spoken, written or signed: French, Antillean Creole
educated at: École Normale Supérieure, Lycée Louis-le-Grand
occupation: poet
award received: Grand prix national de la poésie, America Award in Literature, Viareggio-Versilia International Prize
position held: member of the French National Assembly, Mayor of Fort-de-France, regional council member, member of the general council
student of: Gilbert Gratiant

Aimé Fernand David Césaire (; French: [ɛme fɛʁnɑ̃ david sezɛʁ]; 26 June 1913 – 17 April 2008) was a Martinican poet, author, and politician. He was "one of the founders of the Négritude movement in Francophone literature" and coined the word négritude in French. He founded the Parti progressiste martiniquais in 1958, and served in the French National Assembly from 1958 to 1993 and as President of the Regional Council of Martinique from 1983 to 1988. His works include the book-length poem Cahier d'un retour au pays natal (1939), Une Tempête, a response to Shakespeare's play The Tempest, and Discours sur le colonialisme (Discourse on Colonialism), an essay describing the strife between the colonizers and the colonized. His works have been translated into many languages.
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