Lu Xun cover

photo credits: Unknown author - PD China

Lu Xun

Chinese novelist and essayist

1881   -   1936

movement: New Culture Movement
genre: essay, short story
country of citizenship: Republic of China, Qing dynasty
educated at: Tohoku University, Kobun Institute, 仙台医学専門学校
occupation: essayist, poet, literary critic, Esperantist, translator, novelist, short story writer, writer

Lu Xun (Wade–Giles romanisation: Lu Hsün) was the pen name of Zhou Shuren (25 September 1881 – 19 October 1936), a leading figure of modern Chinese literature. Writing in Vernacular Chinese and Classical Chinese, he was a short story writer, editor, translator, literary critic, essayist, poet, and designer. In the 1930s, he became the titular head of the League of Left-Wing Writers in Shanghai. Lu Xun was born into a family of landlords and government officials in Shaoxing, Zhejiang; the family's financial resources declined over the course of his youth. Lu aspired to take the imperial civil service exam, but due to his family's relative poverty he was forced to attend government-funded schools teaching "Western education." Upon graduation, Lu went to medical school in Japan but later dropped out. He became interested in studying literature but was eventually forced to return to China because of his family's lack of funds. After returning to China, Lu worked for several years teaching at local secondary schools and colleges before finally finding a job at the Republic of China Ministry of Education. After the 1919 May Fourth Movement, Lu Xun's writing began to exert a substantial influence on Chinese literature and popular culture. Like many leaders of the May Fourth Movement, he was primarily a leftist. He was highly acclaimed by the Chinese government after 1949, when the People's Republic of China was founded, and Mao Zedong himself was a lifelong admirer of Lu Xun's writing. Though sympathetic to socialist ideas, Lu Xun never joined the Communist Party of China.
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works

35

华盖集续编

literair werk van Lu Xun

author: Lu Xun

Kong Yiji

literary work

author: Lu Xun

A Madman's Diary

1918 short story by Lu Xun

author: Lu Xun

1918

Hua Gai Ji

short story collection by Lu Xun

author: Lu Xun

1926

坟 (鲁迅)

literair werk van Lu Xun

author: Lu Xun

三闲集

literair werk van Lu Xun

author: Lu Xun

且介亭杂文

literair werk van Lu Xun

author: Lu Xun

且介亭杂文二集

literair werk van Lu Xun

author: Lu Xun

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