Ernest Hemingway cover

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Ernest Hemingway

American author and journalist

1899   -   1961

genre: prose, opinion journalism
country of citizenship: United States of America
occupation: war correspondent, screenwriter, writer, novelist, journalist, autobiographer, playwright, artist
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Bronze Star Medal, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Florida Artists Hall of Fame
influenced by: Robert Louis Stevenson, Mario Berrino

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American journalist, novelist, and short-story writer. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and he won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short-story collections, and two non-fiction works. Three of his novels, four short story collections, and three non-fiction works were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature. Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After high school, he reported for a few months for The Kansas City Star before leaving for the Italian Front to enlist as an ambulance driver in World War I. In 1918, he was seriously wounded and returned home. His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms (1929). In 1921, he married Hadley Richardson, the first of what would be four wives. The couple moved to Paris, where he worked as a foreign correspondent and fell under the influence of the modernist writers and artists of the 1920s "Lost Generation" expatriate community. His debut novel, The Sun Also Rises, was published in 1926. After his 1927 divorce from Richardson, Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer; they divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War, where he had been a journalist. He based For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) on his experience there. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940; they separated after he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. He was present at the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris. Shortly after the publication of The Old Man and the Sea (1952), Hemingway went on safari to Africa, where he was almost killed in two successive plane crashes that left him in pain or ill-health for much of the rest of his life. Hemingway maintained permanent residences in Key West, Florida (in the 1930s) and Cuba (in the 1940s and 1950s). In 1959, he bought a house in Ketchum, Idaho, where, in mid-1961, he shot himself in the head.
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The Old Man and the Sea

novel by Ernest Hemingway

author: Ernest Hemingway


The Sun Also Rises

novel by Ernest Hemingway

author: Ernest Hemingway


For Whom the Bell Tolls

novel by Ernest Hemingway

author: Ernest Hemingway


A Farewell to Arms

Ernest Hemingway novel

author: Ernest Hemingway


A Moveable Feast

memoir by Ernest Hemingway about his years as a struggling young expatriate journalist and writer in Paris in the 1920s while he was married to his first wife, Hadley Richardson; first published in 1964

author: Ernest Hemingway


Death in the Afternoon

a non-fiction book written by Ernest Hemingway about the ceremony and traditions of Spanish bullfighting, published in 1932

author: Ernest Hemingway


The Garden of Eden

novel by Ernest Hemingway

author: Ernest Hemingway


The Snows of Kilimanjaro

short story by Ernest Hemingway

author: Ernest Hemingway


Islands in the Stream

novel by Ernest Hemingway

author: Ernest Hemingway


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