George H. W. Bush cover

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George H. W. Bush

American politician, 41st President of the United States.

1924   -   2018

country of citizenship: United States of America
native language: English
educated at: Greenwich Country Day School, Phillips Academy, Yale University
occupation: politician, statesperson
award received: Distinguished Flying Cross, Honorary citizen of Berlin, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Eric-M.-Warburg-Award, Order of the White Lion, Air Medal, Philadelphia Liberty Medal, Freedom Award, Robert Schuman Medal, Profile in Courage Award, Ronald Reagan Freedom Award, Jubilee Medal "60 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945", Presidential Medal of Freedom, Doublespeak Award, Theodore Roosevelt Award, World Golf Hall of Fame, Honorary doctor at the Nanjing University, American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal, Ellis Island Medal of Honor, honorary doctorate of Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, honorary doctor of the Ohio State University, Honorary citizen of Kraków, Grand Cross of the Order pro Merito Melitensi, Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, Hungarian Order of Merit, Order of Friendship, Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Grand Cross special issue of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, special issue, honorary doctor of the Nanjing University, Honorary doctor of the Harvard University
position held: United States representative, President of the United States, Vice President of the United States, Director of Central Intelligence, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, United States Ambassador to China

George Herbert Walker Bush (June 12, 1924 – November 30, 2018) was an American politician who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd vice president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. A member of the Republican Party, he held posts that included those of congressman, ambassador, and CIA director. Until his son George W. Bush became the 43rd president in 2001, he was usually known simply as George Bush. Bush postponed his university studies after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, enlisted in the Navy on his 18th birthday, and became one of its youngest aviators. He served until September 1945, and then attended Yale University, graduating in 1948. He moved his family to West Texas where he entered the oil business and became a millionaire by the age of 40 in 1964. After founding his own oil company, Bush was defeated in his first run for the United States Senate in 1964, but won election to the House of Representatives from Texas's 7th congressional district in 1966. He was reelected in 1968 but was defeated for election to the Senate in 1970. In 1971, President Richard Nixon appointed Bush as Ambassador to the United Nations, and he became Chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1973. The following year, President Gerald Ford appointed him Chief of the Liaison Office in China and later made him the director of Central Intelligence. Bush ran for president in 1980, was defeated in the Republican primary by Ronald Reagan, and then as Reagan's running mate Bush became vice-president after the ticket's election. During his eight-year tenure as vice president, Bush headed task forces on deregulation and the war on drugs. Bush in 1988 defeated Democratic opponent Michael Dukakis, becoming the first incumbent vice president to be elected president in 152 years. Foreign policy drove the Bush presidency; military operations were conducted in Panama and the Persian Gulf, the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, and the Soviet Union dissolved two years later. Bush also signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which created a trade bloc consisting of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Domestically, Bush reneged on a 1988 campaign promise and signed a bill to increase taxes. He lost the 1992 presidential election to Democrat Bill Clinton following an economic recession and the decreased importance of foreign policy in a post–Cold War political climate. After leaving office in 1993, Bush was active in humanitarian activities, often alongside Clinton, his former opponent. With George W. Bush's victory in the 2000 presidential election, Bush and his son became the second father–son pair to serve as President, following John Adams and John Quincy Adams. At the time of his death, he was the longest-lived president in U.S. history, a record surpassed by Jimmy Carter on March 22, 2019.
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