Julian Huxley

English biologist, philosopher, author

1887   -   1975

movement: atheism
country of citizenship: United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
educated at: Balliol College, Eton College
occupation: evolutionary biologist, ethologist, writer, professor, philosopher
award received: Fellow of the Royal Society, Humanist of the Year, Kalinga Prize, Darwin Medal, Darwin–Wallace Medal, Frink Medal, Godman-Salvin Medal, Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards, Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research

Sir Julian Sorell Huxley FRS (22 June 1887 – 14 February 1975) was a British evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist. He was a proponent of natural selection, and a leading figure in the mid-twentieth century modern synthesis. He was secretary of the Zoological Society of London (1935–1942), the first Director of UNESCO, a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund and the first President of the British Humanist Association. Huxley was well known for his presentation of science in books and articles, and on radio and television. He directed an Oscar-winning wildlife film. He was awarded UNESCO's Kalinga Prize for the popularisation of science in 1953, the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society in 1956, and the Darwin–Wallace Medal of the Linnaean Society in 1958. He was also knighted in that same year, 1958, a hundred years after Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace announced the theory of evolution by natural selection. In 1959 he received a Special Award of the Lasker Foundation in the category Planned Parenthood – World Population. Huxley was a prominent member of the British Eugenics Society and was its president from 1959–1962. There is a public house named after Sir Julian in Selsdon, Surrey, close to the Selsdon Wood Nature Reserve which he helped establish.
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