Author

Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid cover

photo credits: English Wikipedia

Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid

scholar

948   -   1022

country of citizenship: Abbasid Caliphate
language of expression: Arabic
occupation: theologian
position held: judge
student of: Shaykh Saduq, Ibn al-Janid al-Saskafi, ابن قولویہ, Abu Ghalib Al-Zorari, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Omar Ibn al-Ja'abi

Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Nu'man al-'Ukbari al-Baghdadi, known as al-Shaykh al-Mufid (Persian: شیخ مفید) and Ibn al-Mu'allim (c. 948–1022 CE), was a prominent Twelver Shia theologian. His father was a teacher (mu'allim), hence the name Ibn al-Mu'allim. The title "al-Mufid" was given to him either by Muhammad al-Mahdi, the twelfth Shia Imam, or by al-Rummani, a Sunni scholar, after a conversation with him. The leader of the Shia community, he was a mutakallim, theologian, and Shia jurist. He was taught by Al-Shaykh al-Saduq, Ibn Qulawayh, Abu Abdallah al-Basri and al-Rummani, and Sharif al-Murtaza and Shaykh Tusi were among his students. Only 10 of his 200 works have survived, among which are Amali, Al-Irshad, Al-Muqni'ah, and Tashih al-Itiqadat.
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