science fiction, fantasy
country of citizenship: United States of America
native language: English
language of expression: English
educated at: Columbia University, Rutgers University
occupation: writer, novelist, literary critic, science fiction writer
award received: Hugo Award for Best Novel, Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame
James Benjamin Blish (May 23, 1921 – July 30, 1975) was an American science fiction and fantasy writer. He is best known for his Cities in Flight novels, and his series of Star Trek novelizations written with his wife, J. A. Lawrence. He is credited with creating the term "gas giant" to refer to large planetary bodies.
Blish was a member of the Futurians. His first published stories appeared in Super Science Stories and Amazing Stories.
Blish wrote literary criticism of science fiction using the pen name William Atheling Jr. His other pen names included Donald Laverty, John MacDougal, and Arthur Lloyd Merlyn.
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