Theodor Mommsen cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Theodor Mommsen

German classical scholar and historian (1817–1903)

1817   -   1903

country of citizenship: German Empire, Prussia, Denmark
language of expression: Latin, Ancient Greek, German
educated at: University of Kiel, Christianeum Hamburg, University of Zurich
occupation: historian of classical antiquity, numismatist, jurist, journalist, legal historian, writer, university teacher, politician, epigrapher, classical scholar, classical archaeologist, historian
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts, Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
position held: member of the Reichstag of the German Empire, Member of the Prussian House of Representatives

Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (German pronunciation: [ˈteːodoːɐ̯ ˈmɔmzn̩] (listen); 30 November 1817 – 1 November 1903) was a German classical scholar, historian, jurist, journalist, politician and archaeologist. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest classicists of the 19th century. His work regarding Roman history is still of fundamental importance for contemporary research. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1902 for being "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome", after having been nominated by 18 members of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. He was also a prominent German politician, as a member of the Prussian and German parliaments. His works on Roman law and on the law of obligations had a significant impact on the German civil code.
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