Vikramōrvaśīyam (Sanskrit: विक्रमोर्वशीयम्, meaning Urvashi Won by Valour) is a five-act Sanskrit play by ancient Indian poet Kalidasa who flourished in the 4th Century CE, on the Vedic love story of king Pururavas and an Apsara, a celestial nymph named Urvashi.
As per the tradition, while the basic plot has taken elements from the sources such as the Samvada Sukta of the Rigveda (ऋग्वेद), Mahabharata and others, Kalidasa has made significant adaptations to make the presentation more appealing while establishing his prowess as a playwright (नाटककार).
Vikramorvashiyam is the second of the three plays written by Kalidasa, the first being Mālavikāgnimitram (मालविकाग्निमित्रम्) and the third being the celebrated Abhijñānaśākuntalam (अभिज्ञानशाकुन्तलम्).
According to one theory, "Vikrama" in the title alludes to Kalidasa's patron king Vikramaditya; however, there is no evidence for this. It simply means "Valour".
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