photo credits: CC-BY-SA-3.0
New Zealand politicianwd:Q268510
country of citizenship: New Zealand
language of expression: English
educated at: Victoria University of Wellington, University of Waikato
occupation: politician, writer, university teacher, economist, farmer, feminist
award received: New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal, Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, BBC 100 Women, Dame Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
position held: Member of the New Zealand Parliament
Dame Marilyn Joy Waring (born 7 October 1952) is a New Zealand public policy scholar, international development consultant, former politician, environmentalist, feminist and a principal founder of feminist economics.
In 1975, aged 23, she became New Zealand's youngest member of parliament for the conservative New Zealand National Party. As a member of parliament she chaired the Public Expenditure Committee. Her support of the opposition Labour Party's proposed nuclear-free New Zealand policy was instrumental in precipitating the 1984 New Zealand general election, and she left parliament in 1984.
On leaving parliament she moved into academia; she is best known for her 1988 book If Women Counted, and she obtained a D.Phil in political economy in 1989. Through her research and writing she is known as the principal founder of the discipline of feminist economics. Since 2006, Waring has been a Professor of Public Policy at the Institute of Public Policy at AUT in Auckland, New Zealand, focusing on governance and public policy, political economy, gender analysis, and human rights. She has taken part in international aid work and served as a consultant to UNDP and other international organisations.
She has outspokenly criticised the concept of GDP, the economic measure that became a foundation of the United Nations System of National Accounts (UNSNA) following World War II. She criticises a system which 'counts oil spills and wars as contributors to economic growth, while child-rearing and housekeeping are deemed valueless'. Her work has influenced academics, government accounting in a number of countries, and United Nations policies.
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