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Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
French writer and aviatorwd:Q2908
genre: novel, narrative, tale
country of citizenship: France
native language: French
language of expression: French
educated at: Lycée Saint-Louis
occupation: aircraft pilot, poet, novelist, autobiographer, children's writer, essayist, writer, journalist
award received: Mort pour la France, Prix Femina, National Book Award, Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française, Croix de guerre 1939–1945, National Book Award for Nonfiction, Officer of the Legion of Honour, Croix de Guerre, Hugo Award for Best Novella
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger, comte de Saint-Exupéry, simply known as de Saint-Exupéry (UK: , US: , French: [ɑ̃twan də sɛ̃t‿ɛɡzypeʁi]; 29 June 1900 – 31 July 1944), was a French writer, poet, aristocrat, journalist and pioneering aviator. He became a laureate of several of France's highest literary awards and also won the United States National Book Award. He is best remembered for his novella The Little Prince (Le Petit Prince) and for his lyrical aviation writings, including Wind, Sand and Stars and Night Flight.
Saint-Exupéry was a successful commercial pilot before World War II, working airmail routes in Europe, Africa, and South America. He joined the French Air Force at the start of the war, flying reconnaissance missions until France's armistice with Germany in 1940. After being demobilised from the French Air Force, he travelled to the United States to help persuade its government to enter the war against Nazi Germany.
Saint-Exupéry spent 28 months in America, during which he wrote three of his most important works, then joined the Free French Air Force in North Africa—although he was far past the maximum age for such pilots and in declining health. He disappeared and is believed to have died while on a reconnaissance mission from Corsica over the Mediterranean on 31 July 1944.
Prior to the war, Saint-Exupéry had achieved fame in France as an aviator. His literary works posthumously boosted his stature to national hero status in France, including The Little Prince which has been translated into 300 languages. He earned further widespread recognition with international translations of his other works. His 1939 philosophical memoir Terre des hommes (titled Wind, Sand and Stars in English) became the name of an international humanitarian group; it was also used as the central theme of Expo 67 in Montreal, Quebec. His birthplace of Lyon also named its main airport after him.
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1943 novella by Antoine de Saint-Exupérywd:Q25338
memoir by Antoine de Saint-Exupérywd:Q520146
author: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
collection of novellas by the Swedish writer Astrid Lindgren and the French writer Antoine de Saint-Exupérywd:Q25338045