William Henry Fox Talbot cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

William Henry Fox Talbot

British inventor and photographer (1800-1877)

1800   -   1877

country of citizenship: England, United Kingdom
languages spoken, written or signed: English
educated at: Harrow School, Trinity College
occupation: patent inventor, photographer, anthropologist, politician, inventor, chemist, mathematician, assyriologist, archaeologist, world traveler
award received: Fellow of the Royal Society, Royal medal, Rumford Medal, Bakerian Lecture
position held: Member of the 11th Parliament of the United Kingdom

William Henry Fox Talbot FRS FRSE FRAS (; 11 February 1800 – 17 September 1877) was an English scientist, inventor and photography pioneer who invented the salted paper and calotype processes, precursors to photographic processes of the later 19th and 20th centuries. His work, in the 1840s on photomechanical reproduction, led to the creation of the photoglyphic engraving process, the precursor to photogravure. He was the holder of a controversial patent that affected the early development of commercial photography in Britain. He was also a noted photographer who contributed to the development of photography as an artistic medium. He published The Pencil of Nature (1844–46), which was illustrated with original salted paper prints from his calotype negatives, and made some important early photographs of Oxford, Paris, Reading, and York.A polymath, Talbot was elected to the Royal Society in 1831 for his work on the integral calculus, and researched in optics, chemistry, electricity and other subjects such as etymology and ancient history.
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