Frantsishak Alyakhnovich cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Frantsishak Alyakhnovich

Belarusian writer and journalist

1883   -   1944

country of citizenship: Russian Empire, Belarusian People's Republic, Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia, Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Republic of Central Lithuania, Second Polish Republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
languages spoken, written or signed: Belarusian, Polish
occupation: playwright, opinion journalist, writer, poet, journalist, newspaper editor

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Frantsishak Alyakhnovich (March 9, 1883 in Vilnius – March 3, 1944 in Vilnius, Belarusian: Франці́шак Ка́ралевіч Аляхно́віч, romanized: Francišak Karalevič Alachnovič, Russian: Франтишек Ка́рлович Олехно́вич (also Аляхнoвичъ, Франц Олехнович)) was a Belarusian writer, journalist descended from the Ruthenian nobility. Alyakhnovich was a theatrical writer, director and journalist in West Belarus. He was editor of the newspaper Беларускі звон (Biełaruski zvon) published in Vilnius. In 1926 he decided to stay in East Belarus after a conference in Minsk. Several months later he was arrested by the GPU and sent to Solovki prison camp. He spent seven years in the Gulag and only in 1933 was he exchanged for Branislaw Tarashkyevich, a West Belarusian politician and linguist held in a Polish prison. Alyakhnovich's Gulag experience became a basis for his 1934 book of memoirs У капцюрох ГПУ (U kapciuroch HPU, In the claws of the GPU), that was later translated into several languages. During the Second World War, Alyakhnovich collaborated with Nazi Germany and was editor of the newspaper Беларускі голас (Biełaruski hołas, Belarusian voice) published in Vilnius. Apart from that, he was also one of the leaders of the Belarusian Independence Party - an illegal and underground Belarusian nationalist organization led by Fr. Vincent Hadleŭski. In 1944, Frantsishak Alyakhnovich was assassinated.
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