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Antonio Negri

Italian sociologist

1933   -  

country of citizenship: Italy
educated at: University of Paris, University of Padua
occupation: philosopher, politician, professor, economist, sociologist, school teacher, writer, political scientist, essayist, dramaturge, political philosopher
position held: member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Italian Republic
influenced by: Baruch Spinoza, Karl Marx, Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault, Félix Guattari

Antonio "Toni" Negri (born 1 August 1933) is an Italian Marxist sociologist and political philosopher, best known for his co-authorship of Empire and secondarily for his work on Spinoza. Born in Padua, he became a political philosophy professor in his hometown university. Negri founded the Potere Operaio (Worker Power) group in 1969 and was a leading member of Autonomia Operaia. As one of the most popular theorists of Autonomism, he has published hugely influential books urging "revolutionary consciousness." He was accused in the late 1970s of various charges including being the mastermind of the left-wing terrorist organization Red Brigades (Brigate Rosse or BR), involved in the May 1978 kidnapping of Aldo Moro, two-time Prime Minister of Italy, and leader of the Christian-Democrat Party, among others. He was wrongly suspected to have made a threatening phone call on behalf of the BR, but the court was unable to conclusively prove his ties. The question of Negri's complicity with left-wing extremism is a controversial subject. He was indicted on a number of charges, including "association and insurrection against the state" (a charge which was later dropped), and sentenced for involvement in two murders. Negri fled to France where, protected by the Mitterrand doctrine, he taught at the Paris VIII (Vincennes) and the Collège international de philosophie, along with Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze. In 1997, after a plea-bargain that reduced his prison time from 30 to 13 years, he returned to Italy to serve the end of his sentence. Many of his most influential books were published while he was behind bars. He now lives in Venice and Paris with his partner, the French philosopher Judith Revel.
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Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire

book by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri

author: Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri



book by Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt

author: Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri


book on the Occupy movement

author: Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri


Labor of Dionysus: A Critique of the State-Form

book by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri

author: Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri


Subversive Spinoza

author: Antonio Negri

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