Author

Epiphanius of Salamis cover

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Epiphanius of Salamis

Christian bishop and saint

315   -   403

language of expression: Hebrew, Koine Greek, Coptic, Latin, Syriac
occupation: minister, writer
position held: bishop, Archbishop of New Justiniana and All Cyprus
influenced by: Athanasius of Alexandria

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Epiphanius of Salamis (Greek: Ἐπιφάνιος; c. 310–320 – 403) was the bishop of Salamis, Cyprus at the end of the 4th century. He is considered a saint and a Church Father by both the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. He gained a reputation as a strong defender of orthodoxy. He is best known for composing the Panarion, a very large compendium of the heresies up to his own time, full of quotations that are often the only surviving fragments of suppressed texts. According to Ernst Kitzinger, he "seems to have been the first cleric to have taken up the matter of Christian religious images as a major issue", and there has been much controversy over how many of the quotations attributed to him by the Byzantine Iconoclasts were actually by him. Regardless of this he was clearly strongly against some contemporary uses of images in the church.
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